The Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) Program is the only program that offers forgiveness on all qualified loans tax-free after 120 qualified monthly payments.
I Made 11 Qualifying Payments Under The PSLF Program – Then I Quit
As a physical therapist, there are many opportunities to work in non-profit organizations, so the PSLF program was a clear choice to affordably repay my debt.
After many hours of research, I successfully enrolled in the PSLF program and I planned to work for a hospital-based outpatient clinic for 10 years to have my loans forgiven.
I estimated that I would have paid 1/4th of what I initially borrowed by the end of the PSLF program. If working for the same employer did not work out, I figured I would find another qualified employer easily.
All being said and done, I thought my plan was foolproof. I made 11 qualifying payments.
Then deciding student loan forgiveness is not for me.
What I failed to consider was the possibility of not enjoying where I worked. I spent the first year of my career in a toxic work environment. There were many people who were fun to work with, but it only takes one person to make your work-life a living hell.
I knew it was really bad when I stopped enjoying life outside of work. It worsened after workplace bullying ensued even after I fractured my leg in a car accident. After receiving both informal and formal advice, I decided to get a fresh start in my career. I began to look for other qualified employers defined by the Public service loan forgiveness (PSLF) program.
There was no luck even after months of searching. I can admit I was picky with potential employers for fear that I would end up in another toxic environment.
Things were not getting better at work. So I decided to stop framing my employment opportunities around eligibility for student loan forgiveness and prioritized my health and happiness. Within a week, I gladly accepted an offer in the private sector.
I still had the option to put my progress on loan forgiveness on hold while making unqualified payments and re-enter once I find a qualified employer. To me, loan forgiveness no longer made sense. If I was going to make payments, I wanted to have my hard-earned money going to a greater purpose than to delay uncertain prospects of loan forgiveness. I altered my repayment strategy and paid off my student loans as aggressively as possible.
Why I Am Grateful For My Decision
My employment outlook is no longer limited to specific types of organizations. After a couple of years, I had more time to search for employment at a fantastic local company with supportive colleagues, a flexible work schedule and with a competitive compensation package.
I no longer have the uncertainty of whether my loans will be forgiven under the PSLF program as you are only eligible to apply for loan forgiveness after making 120 qualified payments. As the program was created in 2007, the first recipients of this loan forgiveness were fairly recent. Apparently, there has been some difficulty with recipients receiving loan forgiveness reported by NPR here.
I no longer need to spend precious time submitting annual re-certification paperwork and ensuring HR completes my employment verification correctly.
My wife and I now simplify taxes by filing jointly allowing opportunities to claim tax credits and deductions that are not available to those filing separately. Most borrowers will file separately to keep their monthly payments low. We can also take advantage of ROTH IRAs that would otherwise be unavailable to us.
I can now work over-time, take on multiple jobs, or even build side-hustles without the negative feedback of paying more towards my student loan balance that would be forgiven regardless if I were still enrolled in the PSLF program.
Best of all, I owe the federal government nothing. With my debt and uncertainty out of the way, I can allocate time and energy to my passions and life goals. That includes having the option to transition to private practice, owning a business, or even consider semi-retirement without having to worry about loan forgiveness qualifications.
Things to Consider If You Are Going The Public Service Loan Forgiveness Route
Political Landscape Changes
Additionally, only 1% of those who committed to 10 years’ worth of minimum payments and public service received forgiveness. Part of this was due to loan servicers providing inaccurate information. I should know, as a skeptic, I asked the same question to 3-5 different Fedloan servicing representatives and received different answers.
A lot can happen in 10 years. The political landscape may directly or indirectly impact how much you may benefit. For example, revised tax laws may make it more beneficial to file jointly, but will also increase your monthly payments if your spouse earns an income.
In addition to tax laws, the program itself might change as to where there may be a cap on the forgiven amount. There may change the income-based repayment percentage. The program may be terminated entirely, there could be many changes depending on the agendas on either side of the political aisle. While it is likely that those enrolled in the PSLF would be grandfathered in, they are not obligated.
It is evident that the current U.S. government will be looking to free up their budget at the expense of students nationwide. Trump’s budget plan for 2019 proposed to cut funding for education by 5%. That’s not all, the U.S. State Secretary of Education, Betsy Devos, is proposing a plan to cut $13 billion of funding for student loan forgiveness and debt relief for those who borrowed after July 2019. This will make it more difficult for students who seek student loan forgiveness.
Update: Whether or not these cuts actually took place is unclear and difficult to research. What I know is that these proposed cuts keep on coming. Here is a proposed 12% cut in education for 2020. Don’t let this get you down though. I have heard of people having their loans forgiven.
Of course, speculation should not be a primary driver of such big decisions, but is worth the consideration especially when we’re talking about a 10-year plan that could swing either way depending on many internal and external factors.
Do you plan on relocating? Despite the number of qualified employers in my area, it was difficult to find one to suit my interests.
How much will your monthly payments be based on your salary? How much more will you pay based on bonuses, raises, or other income sources? Use this calculator to help.
Have you talked with your spouse or partner about your debt (and their debt) and how it might affect your future goals?
If your monthly payment is less than your monthly accrued interest, you will see your student loan balance increase each month. Can you tolerate the accumulating mountain of student loan debt with the uncertainty of loan forgiveness looming over you?
There are many tax-related considerations when enrolled in an income-based repayment plan especially when it comes to filing status. If you are married filing jointly, your monthly payments will be based on your combined annual gross income instead of just yours alone. This will obviously increase your monthly payments towards your debt that would otherwise be forgiven. The higher your debt-to-income ratio is, the greater likelihood it is that a single or married filing separately status would yield a lower monthly payment towards your student loans.
However, the recommendation is typically to consult with your financial advisor each year due to potential changes in tax laws as well as potential life changes that can make married filing jointly more beneficial.
One other consideration when married filing jointly is that it will limit your ability to contribute to a ROTH IRA, an extremely powerful retirement investment vehicle. As of the last update to this article, you, unless you lived in separately for more than half the year or earned less than $10,000 you cannot contribute to a ROTH IRA. And who wants that right? For more details on this, you can check out this Investopedia article.
Summary of considerations for public service student loan forgiveness
- Can you tolerate potential changes in career satisfaction, career stability, and qualifying employment options as your debt potentially doubles?
- Can you handle the uncertainty of how new laws may affect student loan forgiveness qualifications?
- Do you believe you and your current/future spouse will be able to deal with the potential complications when it comes to determining the trade-offs when it comes to tax filing status?
For me, 10 years’ worth of that level of uncertainty and stress was not congruent with how I envisioned my life. Instead, I chose a path of certainty where the success rate would be near 100% within a relatively short period of time.
However, I understand some people do not have the option to pay off their debt due to the degree of debt they face. If you owe 4 or more times as much as you could possibly make within a year, loan forgiveness may be your only option. Generally, if you have a debt-to-income ratio of 2:1, you have a good chance of working hard to pay off your loans within 2-4 years depending on how hard you work and how much you save.
If you made the decision to aggressively pay off your debt aggressively make sure you sign up for my free guide below.
Updated: May 08, 2020
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Art is the founder of Flexcents, a blog created in 2018 to help others reach their fitness and financial goals through sharing insights as a physical therapist, personal finance nerd, and self-directed investor.